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20 October 2017

BOOK: Martti KOSKENNIEMI, Mónica GARCÍA-SALMONES ROVIRA & Paolo Amorosa, International Law and Religion. Historical and Comparative Perspectives [The Theory and History of International Law, eds. Nehal BHUTA, Anthony PAGDEN & Benjamin STRAUMANN] (Oxford: OUP, 2017), 480 p. ISBN 9780198805878, £ 80

(Image source: OUP)

Abstract:
This book maps out the territory of international law and religion challenging received traditions in fundamental aspects. On the one hand, the connection of international law and religion has been little explored. On the other, most of current research on international legal thought presents international law as the very victory of secularization. By questioning that narrative of secularization this book approaches these traditions from a new perspective. From the Middle Ages' early conceptualizations of rights and law to contemporary political theory, the chapters bring to life debates concerning the interaction of the meaning of the legal and the sacred. The contributors approach their chapters from an array of different backgrounds and perspectives but with the common objective of investigating the mutually shaping relationship of religion and law. The collaborative endeavour that this volume offers makes available substantial knowledge on the question of international law and religion.
Table of contents:
Martti Koskenniemi, “International Law and Religion: no Stable Ground”

Part I: Natural Law and Ius Gentium
Sarah Mortimer, “Law, Justice and Charity in a Divided Christendom: 1500-1625”
Pia Valenzuela, “Between Scylla and Charybdis: Aquinas’ Political Thought and his Notion of Natural Law and Ius Gentium”  Mary M. Keys, “Religion, Empire and Law Among Nations in the City of God. From the Salamanca School to Augustine, and Back Again”
Janne Nijman, “Grotius’ Imago Dei Anthropology. Grounding Ius Naturae et Gentium
Ofir Haivri, “John Selden and the Jewish Religious Fountainhead of the International Law of the Sea”

Part II: Human Rights, Between History, The International and Religion
John Haskell, “The Religious/Secular Debate in Human Rights Literature. Constitutive Tensions between Christian, Islamic, and Secular Perspectives”
Monica García-Salmones, “Natural Rights in Albert the Great. Beyond Objective and Subjective Divides”
Pasquale Annicchino, “The Past is Never Dead. Christian Anti-internationalism and Human Rights”
Pamela Slotte, “Whose Justice? What Political Theology? On Christian and Theological Approaches to Human Rights in the Twentieth and Twenty-first Centuries”

Part III: International Law, Religion, and Territory in the Middle East and the Eastern Mediterranean
Moussa Abou Ramadan, “Muslim Jurists’ Criteria for the Divisionist of the World intro Dar al-Harb and Dar al-Islam”
Nahed Samour, “From Imperial to Dissident. Approaches to Territory in Islamic International Law”
Reut Yael Paz, “If I forget thee, O Jerusalem. Religion, International Law and Jerusalem”

Part IV: Political Theology and International Legal Theory
Ileana M. Porras, "The Doctrine of the Providential Function of Commerce in International Law. Idealizing Trade"
Immi Tallgren, "The Faith in Humanity and International Criminal Law"
Michele Nicoletti, "Religion and Empire. Carl Schmitt's Katechon between International Relations and the Philosophy of History"
Elena Paris, "International Law-making and Metaphysical Foundations of Universality. Retrieving an Alternative Metaphysics"
Paul W. Kahn, "The Law of Nations and the Origin of American Law"
Paolo Amorosa, "Messianic Visions of the United States. International Law, Religion and the Cuban Intervention, 1898-1917"

On the editors:
Edited by Martti Koskenniemi, Academy Professor, University of Helsinki, Mónica García-Salmones Rovira, Post-doc Fellow, University of Helsinki, and Paolo Amorosa, Doctoral Candidate, University of Helsinki
Martti Koskenniemi is Academy Professor of International Law at the University of Helsinki and Director of the Erik Castrén Institute of International Law and Human Rights. He was a member of the Finnish diplomatic service in 1978-1994 and of the International Law Commission (UN) in 2002-2006. He has held visiting professorships in, among other places, New York University, Columbia University, University of Cambridge, London School of Economics, and Universities of Brussels, Melbourne, Paris, Sao Paulo and Utrecht. He is a Corresponding Fellow of the British Academy and has a doctorate h.c. from the Universities of Uppsala, Frankfurt and McGill.
Mónica García-Salmones is adjunct Professor of International Law at the University of Helsinki and a Post-doctoral Fellow at the research project History of International Law: between Religion and Empire. She has published a monograph on the history of international legal positivism. More recently her research has focused in the early history of international law, with a focus in the study of the conceptual, philosophical and historical continuities between the moderns and previous theological theories
Paolo Amorosa is a doctoral candidate and a member of the research project 'Intellectual History of International Law: Religion and Empire' at the Erik Castrén Institute of International Law and Human Rights, University of Helsinki. Prior to that, he has been teaching international law and human rights at Tallinn Law School, Tallinn University of Technology. He received his LLM degree in Public International Law from Leiden University and worked as a research assistant at the Grotius Center for International Legal Studies and at the Italian Embassy to the Holy See. His recent work has focused on international legal thought in the United States in the early 20th century.
More information with Oxford University Press.

17 October 2017

Eric SCHNAKENBOURG (ed.), Neutres et neutralité dans l'espace atlantique durant le long XVIIIe siècle (1700-1820)/Neutrals and Neutrality in the Atlantic World during the Long Eighteenth Century (1700-1820). Une approche totale/A Global Approach (Bécherel: les Perséides, 2015), 491 p. ISBN 9782371250147

(image source: AHMUF)


Book abstract:
L’étude de la neutralité révèle les tensions entre les logiques de guerre et les logiques négociantes qui manifestent, autant l’une que l’autre, l’intensité des relations au sein du monde atlantique. C’est pourquoi la neutralité doit être étudiée comme une réalité transversale inscrite dans un espace marqué par la fluidité des circulations. Elle impose de dépasser les cadres nationaux pour promouvoir une approche ouverte des interconnections afin d’envisager à nouveaux frais les questions relatives à la neutralité et au rôle des neutres au cours du long XVIIIe siècle. Cette approche, qui participe du décloisonnement spatial et thématique de l’histoire atlantique, permet d’embrasser dans une même perspective aussi bien « les » Amériques, septentrionale, intertropicale et méridionale, que l’Europe. La neutralité atlantique est une arène au sein de laquelle se nouent des relations entre Européens, entre Américains, et entre Européens et Américains. Elle peut être envisagée comme une entrée dans la réflexion sur la formation d’un espace euroaméricain économique,juridique et diplomatique.

Table of contents:
Introduction :
Neutralité atlantique et atlantique de la neutralité
Atlantic neutrality and the neutrality of the Atlantic
Partie 1 : Les circulations et réseaux du commerce neutre / circulation and networks of neutral commerce
Ana Crespo Solana, Madrid, Cooperation or Neutrality? How the war affects business strategies: The case of Cadiz (1700-1740)
Holger Weiss, Turku, Trade and neutrality during times of war: An analysis of the Danish-European and Danish-African relationships on the Gold Coast during the second half of the eighteenth century
Eric Schnakenbourg, Nantes, Substitution aux échanges des temps de paix ou modalité de l’interlope ? Le commerce neutre et les colonies françaises des Antilles pendant la guerre de Sept Ans
Boris Deschanel, Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne, Les neutres dans les stratégies négociantes : l’exemple des sociétés Chauvet à Marseille (1785-1802)
Silvia Marzagalli, Nice, La navigation américaine pendant les French Wars (1793-1815) : une simple reconfiguration des circuits commerciaux par neutres interposés ?

Partie 2 : Les acteurs de la neutralité atlantique / The actors of Atlantic neutrality
Barry Stiefel, Charleston, Jews as Neutral Middlemen in the Long XVIIIth century Atlantic World
Manuel Covo, Warwick, Droit de la neutralité, pratiques de mobilité marchande et catégorisation politique à l’ère des révolutions : entre Antilles et États-Unis (années 1790)
Dominique Goncalvès, Toulouse, Le commerce de Cuba avec les neutres à travers les Actes de sessions du Consulat royal, 1797-1807.
Clément Thibaud, Nantes, América libre : les Neutres et la naissance du premier républicanisme hispano-américain (1793-1820)

Partie 3 : Les poles du commerce neutre / the centers of neutral commerce
Victor Enthoven, Amsterdam, ‘‘The unlimited cupidity of the Dutch merchants’’: St. Eustatius and Anglo-Dutch controversy over neutral rights, 1680-1780
François Antoine, Bruxelles, La guerre d’Indépendance américaine et la tentative de relance du commerce international des Pays-Bas méridionaux
Miguel Dantas da Cruz, Lisbonne, The Lisbon international trade and the ambiguities of the Portuguese Neutrality (1795-1807)
Ale Pålsson, Stockholm, Common Ground: Swedish neutrality and transit trade in S:t Barthélemy 1800-1820

Partie 4 : La neutralité dans les rivalités entre états / Neutrality in the interstate rivalry
François Ternat, Rouen, La neutralisation de la frontière. Un essai de solution diplomatique en Amérique du Nord à la veille de la guerre de Sept Ans
Marc Belissa, Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense, Faire la guerre pour avoir le droit d’être neutre ? Les enjeux politiques de la neutralité américaine (1776-1812)
Nicolas Terrien, Nantes, Les neutres, la course maritime et l’effondrement de l’empire atlantique de la monarchie espagnole (1810-1824)

CONCLUSION French
CONCLUSION English
More information here (publisher's website).

16 October 2017

CALL FOR PAPERS: Latin America and International Law (8-9 Feb 2018, University of Hamburg/University of the Andes); DEADLINE 8 DEC 2017

(Image source: oley.az)

From February 8 to 9, 2018, the Albrecht Mendelssohn Bartholdy  
Graduate School of Law (University of Hamburg) in conjunction with  
Professor José Manuel Barreto Soler (Universidad de los Andes,  
Universidad Externado) organizes a conference on the history of  
international law in Latin American.


Topic:

The conference title is roughly borrowed from Alejandro Álvarez' very  
influential (but also controversially discussed) article "Latin  
America and Inernational Law" from 1909. Insprired by his work, we aim  
at exploring the complex relationship between Latin America and  
international law in the past centuries.

In the last few years, questions concerning Latin America's historic  
relationship to international law have moved to the focus of academic  
attention. Several outstanding treatises have been published on and  
conferences have dealt with this topic. But its study is still a  
comparably recent academic field (especially in Europe). The  
conference shall contribute to its further sharpening and to the  
creation of new perspectives on the study of the history of  
international law in Latin America.


Call for Papers:

We would like to invite everybody interested in the study of the  
history of international law in Latin America (doctoral students,  
early scholars, professors, practitioners, etc.) to participate in our  
call and to submit proposals for contributions on any of the listed  
subtopics (see below).

Please send your application in one single PDF file including

· your proposal of around 300 - 500 words and

· a brief CV (indicating also your institutional affiliation)

until December 3, 2017, to matthias.packeiser@uni-hamburg.de

The selection of speakers will be based on the quality of their  
abstracts and the abstract's suitability to the overall topic of the  
conference. Selected candidates will be informed by December 8, 2017.


List of Subtopics:

    International Law in the Americas before Independence

    International Law and the Independence in the Americas

    International Law, United States' Imperialism and Latin America

    The Particularity of Latin American International Law

    International Law, Globalization, and Latin America

    New Latin American Approaches to International Law?

    Germany and the History of International Law in the Americas


Further information and a more detailed call for papers are available  
here: uhh.de/rw-latin-america

CALL FOR PAPERS: Regulating Age of Consent and Child-Marriage in the British Empire (London, 15 June 2018); DEADLINE 08 January 2018



(Source: Wikipedia)

A call for papers for a conference, to be held at SOAS University of London, on the reform of the age of consent laws around the British Empire during the years 1880 to 1930, has been announced.

This is a call for proposals for a one-day interdisciplinary conference which aims to explore the debates that led to the reform of age of consent laws around the British Empire during the years 1880 to 1930. The conference is particularly interested in exploring the issues of age of consent and child marriage through interdisciplinary and comparative perspectives in law and history.

Intertwined within these debates are notions of gender, women's rights, biology, and attempts to understand the native psyche. These compete with tropes of cultural relativism, orientalism, the female victim, and the white man's burden amongst other concerns. For the purpose of this conference, consent is interpreted widely to include physical and intellectual consent to sexual activities as well as marriage.  The conference aims to bring together the growing number of scholars who are currently working on the histories of age of consent in the British Empire.


Recognising that the development and history of the age of consent debate is transnational, international, and multi-layered one, the conference is conceived of as a starting point for forming an international network of scholars working in the area. 


Themes of the conference include but are not limited to notions of consent-physical and/or intellectual; age of consent campaigns and national movements; religion/class/region based perspectives on consent; comparative or regional studies on age of consent/marriage; age of consent for males; consent, female body, and nationalism/imperialism.


Please send 300-word abstract with a short bio to ageofconsentsoas@gmail.com. The deadline is 08 January 2018.  Bursaries might be available for PG students.  Organisers: Dr Kanika Sharma (SOAS) and Dr Laura Lammasniemi (Anglia Ruskin University).


(Source: Legal History Blog)

12 October 2017

CALL FOR PAPERS: Legal History and Empires: Perspectives from the Colonized (Barbados, 11-13 July 2018); DEADLINE 15 JANUARY 2018


A call for papers for a conference on “Legal History and Empires: Perspectives from the Colonized” has been announced.

The conference is jointly sponsored by the Faculty of Law and Faculty of Humanities and Education of The University of the West Indies, Cave Hill Campus, and an international group of legal historians and historians of the law.

This conference follows the successful conference on the Legal Histories of the British Empire held at the National University of Singapore in 2012, and is similarly designed to bring together senior and emerging scholars working in the fields of imperial and colonial legal history.

We invite paper or panel proposals addressing legal histories of empires broadly, and encourage participants to think in particular how their research connects with the theme of the conference: perspectives from the colonized.

Without in any way limiting the range of proposals topics and themes might include:  
  • relations between Empires;
  • histories from the peripheries of empire;
  • mobilities, networks and transplants;
  • law and gender;  
  • Indigenous histories and the law;    
  • Slavery and indentured labour;  
  • Regulation of labour;  
  • Histories of immigration law;
  • Administration of justice and rule of law; 
  • Histories of public or private law;
  • Colonial law and local circumstances;
  • Settler colonialism;
  • Crime;    
  • The professions.

Individual paper proposals should be maximum 300 words (and include a bio of no more than 100 words); panel proposals should consist of an overall panel theme (300 words), the titles of individual papers and short bios (no more than 100 words) of each presenter. Panels may include commentators.

Proposals should be sent to Prof Shaunnagh Dorsett, University of Technology Sydney (Shaunnagh.Dorsett@uts.edu.au by 15 JANUARY 2018.

General inquiries about the Conference should be addressed to Dr. Asya Ostroukh, UWI, Cave Hill (asya.ostroukh@cavehill.uwi.edu)


A website will be available with all information, including accommodation options and additional optional activities on the 10th and 14th July.

More information can be found at the page of the Law Faculty of the University of the West Indies

10 October 2017

CALL FOR ABSTRACTS: Historians Without Borders: Writing the Histories of International Organizations (Leiden: Leiden University, 22-23 Mar 2018); DEADLINE 13 Nov 2017

(image source: Leiden University)

HISTORIANS WITHOUT BORDERS
Writing Histories of International Organizations
Leiden University – 22-23 March 2018
 
This workshop is organized by the ERC project ‘Rethinking Disability’. It is intended to bring together early-career researchers from different fields working on international organizations, to discuss methodological challenges together with peers and established scholars. A combination of a master class, keynote lectures, and roundtable discussions aims at providing an informal and interactive setting for the exchange of ideas and perspectives. Confirmed speakers include:
  • Davide Rodogno (The Graduate Institute, Geneva)
  • Corinne Pernet (University of Geneva)
  • Kiran Patel (Maastricht University)
Call for abstracts
Ever since the paradigm of ‘globalization’ has found its way into the field of history, ways of writing histories beyond borders have proliferated. Today, historians no longer need to justify enlarging their geographical scope beyond the national, but it can nonetheless be a daunting task to decide on how to do this. While we are going beyond borders, the choice for a translocal, transnational, transregional or global history still reveals our preference for a certain scale. Methodologically, our toolbox now offers us concepts such as comparisons, transfers, connections, entanglements and circulations. As different approaches focus on different concepts, choosing one approach often entails a rejection of other possible approaches. Transnational historians will distance themselves from comparative history; global history, as any global historian will tell you, is not the same as world history. The further we seem to get in advancing the call for breaking with our ‘methodological nationalism’, the more we seem to split up into different subfields, where fruitful dialogue becomes increasingly difficult. The purpose of this workshop is to open up this dialogue, to see what specific advantages different approaches can offer and how they can be best put to use.
In order to do this, the workshop will focus on the history of international organizations (IOs), as they are “extremely stimulating heuristic objects for historians of globalism in that they represent a true laboratory of the accords and tensions at work between the international, national, and local scenes and frames of reference” (Kott, 2011, p. 449). Therefore, writing their history automatically compels us to think about methodologies of doing ‘history beyond borders’. Although they automatically force historians to think about international connections, it is equally important to consider the continuing role of local or national scales within international organizations. Research objects in this regard can encompass both the main intergovernmental organizations (IOs) – such as the League of Nations, the UN or the NATO – and the vast field of International Non-Governmental Organizations (INGOs), spanning a diverse range of causes from the environment (Greenpeace), over human rights (Amnesty International), to humanitarianism (Médecins sans frontières).
For this workshop, we are looking for original contributions on the history of IOs and INGOs, based on empirical research, but with explicit methodological reflections on transnational, global, comparative, etc. approaches. Questions raised can include (but are not limited to):
  • What specific advantages do different approaches bring to the history of international organizations?
  • Are these approaches mutually exclusive, or do we need to combine different perspectives and concepts?
  • What are some of the methodological challenges in writing the history of international organizations, in terms of analyzing connections, entanglements, comparisons, etc.?
  • What are some of the practical challenges in writing the history of international organizations, in terms of mobility, language barriers, cultural sensitivity, etc.?
  • How can we deal with the fact that levels can be used both as analytical concepts (used by the      historian) and as historical concepts (used by the historical actors)?
  • How can we deal with different uses of terms like international, national, local, e.g. as level, geographical or spatial unit or loyalty of a historical actor?
  • How can we deal with the (hidden) hierarchy of terms or levels like global, national, etc.?
Program
The workshop will offer a combination of a master class, keynote lectures, and roundtable discussions. It will start on 22 March in the afternoon, with a master class by Davide Rodogno (The Graduate Institute, Geneva), followed by a keynote lecture by Corinne Pernet (University of Geneva). The second day (23 March) will consist of roundtable sessions, where participants present their research and enter into discussion. Senior researchers will chair these sessions and Kiran Patel (Maastricht University) will deliver a closing keynote.
Submission of abstracts
Please send an abstract of max. 500 words and a short CV to the following email address: rethinkingdisability@hum.leidenuniv.nl by 13 November 2017. Questions to the organizers can be sent using the same address. Authors will be notified regarding the acceptance of their contribution by 20 November. Invited participants will be expected to submit a short draft version of a more substantial paper two weeks prior to the event, which will be circulated among all other participants. Participants who are accepted to present their paper are also automatically accepted to participate in the master class. If you are unable or do not wish to attend the master class, kindly indicate this in your application.
Organization
The workshop is initiated and hosted by the research team of the ERC project ‘Rethinking Disability: the Global Impact of the International Year of Disabled Persons (1981) in Historical Perspective’, based in the Institute for History at Leiden University. It is supported by the Huizinga Institute, the national Dutch research network for Cultural History.
Contact Email: 
URL: 


(source: HNet)

09 October 2017

LECTURE SERIES: Société d'Histoire du Droit (Paris, 28 October 2017; 18 November 2017; 16 December 2017; 13 January 2018; 17 February 2018; 24 March 2018)


The Société d'Histoire du Droit announced the programme for its lecture series during the academic year 2017-2018 

Venue: 

Salle des Conseils de l’Université Panthéon-Assas, 12 place du Panthéon, 75005 Paris

Programme: 

Samedi 28 octobre 2017, à 15h.00: Antonio PADOA-SCHIOPPA, professeur émérite de l’Université de Milan, vice-président de la Société d’Histoire du Droit : « Leibniz, théoricien et réformateur du droit »

Samedi 18 novembre 2017, à 14h.30 : Jean-Luc FOURNET, professeur au Collège de France : « Entre grec et copte : les documents juridiques dans l’Égypte de l’Antiquité tardive ». 
Luisa BRUNORI, chargée de recherche HDR au CNRS, attachée au Centre d’Histoire Judiciaire (UMR 8025) : « Mesure et démesure : la Seconde Scolastique face à la pratique commerciale du XVIe siècle ». 

Samedi 16 décembre 2017, à 14h.30 : Alexandre DEROCHE, professeur à l’Université de Tours François Rabelais : « Le roi et la féodalité foncière sous l’Ancien Régime. La question du retrait féodal ». 
Mia KORPIOLA, professeur à l’Université de Turku : « Le rôle de l’iconographie médiévale et moderne dans la culture juridique suédoise ».

Samedi 13 janvier 2018, à 14h.30 : Mathieu TILLIER, professeur à l’Université Paris IV : « Rendre la justice aux premiers temps de l’islam ». 
Massimo MECCARELLI, professeur à l’Université de Macerata : « Penser la loi au temps de l’autonomie du droit : itinéraires doctrinaux durant l’époque moderne ». 

Samedi 17 février 2018, à 14h.30 : Mathias SCHMOECKEL, professeur à l’Université de Bonn : « Le contrat comme fondement de l’autonomie privée : du droit canonique médiéval à la tradition protestante ». 
Fred STEVENS, professeur émérite de l’Université catholique de Louvain : « Langage et droit. Politique et terminologie juridique néerlandaise en Belgique (1795-2017) ». 

Samedi 24 mars 2018, à 14h.30 : Séance thématique : « Les libertés devant le Conseil d’État : perspectives historiques et contemporaines », présidée par Mme Martine DE BOISDEFFRE, présidente de section au Conseil d’État, avec MM. Maurice QUÉNET, recteur honoraire et conseiller d’État honoraire, Grégoire BIGOT, professeur à l’Université de Nantes.

More information can be found at the website of the Société d'Histoire du Droit 

08 October 2017

CONFERENCE: Dynamiken der Viktimisierung - Opferschaft in historischer Perspektive (16.-20. Jahrhundert) (12-14 October 2017, Regensburg)

                                            (Source: Universität Regensburg)

The University of Regensburg is organising a conference on the dynamics of victimhood in a historical perspective. 

Event venue 

Regensburg
Veranstaltungsort
Universität Regensburg, Vielberthgebäude H 25

Program

Thursday October 12, 2017

11.00 Grußwort des Präsidenten der Universität Regensburg, Prof. Dr. Udo Hebel 
Eröffnung durch die Organisatorinnen 
11.15-12.45 Sektion I: Opferkonzeptionen in den Geisteswissenschaften in (inter-) disziplinärer Perspektive
Harriet Rudolph (Regensburg): Geschichte der Sieger? Opferkonzeptionen in der Geschichtswissenschaft
Isabella von Treskow (Regensburg): Das Problem der Wertung: Opferkonzeptionen aus literatur- und kulturwissenschaftlicher Perspektive
Henning Ernst Müller (Regensburg): Das Straftatopfer im Strafrecht und in der Kriminologie
12.45-14.00 Mittagspause
14.00-15.30 Sektion II: Konstruktionen von Opferschaft im frühneuzeitlichen Drama
Moderation: Matteo Galli (Ferrara)
Christiane Hansen (Freiburg i. Brsg.): Rekonfigurationen des Opfer(n)s um 1700: Relationale und prozessuale Perspektiven auf Logiken der Viktimisierung in der englischen „she-tragedy“
Simon Aeberhard (Basel): Kleists Penthesilea: Das Literaturtheater als ambivalente Institution des Gewaltaufschubs.
15.30-16.00 Kaffeepause
16.00-18.00 Sektion III: Opferkonstruktionen in anderen literarischen Gattungen
Moderation: Silke Segler-Meßner (Hamburg) 
Ursula Regener (Regensburg): Ökonomien soldatischen Lebens. Stimulantien und Rechtfertigungen der Opferbereitschaft im Kontext der Befreiungskriege
Matteo Galli (Ferrara): Pathologisierung als Absolution? Opfer-Täter-Diskurse bei E. T. A. Hoffmann
Sabine Koller (Regensburg): (Auto-/Anti-)Viktimisierung in der jiddischen Literatur
19.30 Gemeinsames Abendessen (ReferentInnen und ModeratorInnen)
Friday October 13, 2017

09.00-11.00 Sektion IV: Nationen und Staaten als Gegenstand von Opferdiskursen
Moderation: Anne Mariss (Regensburg)
Volker Depkat (Regensburg): Opferkonzepte im Kontext des American Exceptionalism 
Rainer Liedtke (Regensburg): Ewige Opfer: Viktimisierungsdiskurse im modernen Griechenland
Marek Nekula (Regensburg): Tod und Auferstehung einer Nation: Religiöse Sprache im tschechischen ethnonationalen Opfernarrativ
11.00-11.15 Kaffeepause
11.15-13.00 Sektion V: Opferbilder – Visuelle Konstruktionen von Opferschaft in der Kunst
Moderation: Julian Jachmann (Regensburg)
Ruth S. Noyes (Middletown): “One of those Lutherans we used to burn in Campo de Fiore.” Refugee Convert Engravers and the Trans-cultural Dynamics of Victim[izing] Imprints ca. 1600
Francisco J. R. Chaparro (New York): Goya and the Humanitarian Revolution. The Construction of Victimhood in Late Modern Spain
Christoph Wagner (Regensburg): Visuelle Verstrickungen: Opfernarrative und Opferbilder in der Kunst seit Goya
13.00-14.30 Mittagspause
14.30-16.30 Sektion VI: Opfer-Täter-Relationen im Kontext von militärischer Gewalt
Moderation: Ger Duijzings (Regensburg)
Irène Herrmann (Genf): Mapping the Contexts of Victimhood
Sarah Thieme (Münster): “Unser Dank für sein Opfer sei die Rache!“ – Opfernarrationen im nationalsozialistischen Märtyrermythos
Nena Mocnik (Turku): “I was victim, but now I am survivor”: War-rape Survivors from Changing Narrative to Changing Identity 
16.30-17.00 Kaffeepause
17.00-19.00 Sektion VII: Kontexte von Opferschaft im regionalen Fokus – Viktimisierungsdiskurse in Russland
Moderation: Ulf Brunnbauer (Regensburg)
Elena Smolarz (Bonn): Repräsentationen „unglückseliger russischer Sklaven“ in Zentralasien im 19. Jahrhundert: Historisch-semantische Analyse von akademischen Konstrukten und historischen Darstellungen
Julia Herzberg (München): Eiskalt. Autokratie und politische Verbannung im Zarenreich
Tanja Penter (Heidelberg): Das Ende der Sowjetunion und die Entdeckung der Opfer
Saturday October 14, 2017

09.30-11.00 Sektion VIII: Opferdiskurse und (über-)staatliche Institutionen in globaler Perspektive
Moderation: Henning Ernst Müller (Regensburg)
Lucky Igohosa Ugbudian (Uyo): Dynamics of Victimhood. The Nigerian Perspective
Christina Ullrich (Marburg): Opfer-Anerkennung als globalisierter Normbildungsprozess? Der Fall Kambodscha
Robert Uerpmann-Wittzack (Regensburg): Viktimisierung und Empowerment, oder: Staatliche Souveränität vs. Menschenrechte – Internationales Behinderten- und Flüchtlingsrecht im Vergleich
11.00-11.20 Kaffeepause
11.20-12.30 Abschlussdiskussion
Contact 
Andrea.Stoeckl@geschichte.uni-regensburg.de
More information can be found at the website of H/SOZ/KULT

07 October 2017

ARTICLE: Oona A. HATHAWAY, William HOLSTE, Scott J. SHAPIRO, Jacqueline VAN DE VELDE & Lisa LACHOWICZ, War Manifestos (U Chicago Law Review)



International Law Reporter references the following article:

This Article is the first to examine “war manifestos,” documents that set out the legal reasons sovereigns provided for going to war from the late-fifteenth through the mid-twentieth centuries. We have assembled the world’s largest collection of war manifestos — over 350 — in languages as diverse as Classical Chinese, German, French, Latin, Serbo-Croatian and Dutch. Prior Anglophone scholarship has almost entirely missed war manifestos. This gap in the literature has produced a correspondingly large gap in our understanding of the role of war during the period in which manifestos were commonly used. Examining these previously ignored manifestos reveals that states exercised the right to wage war in ways that would be inconceivable today. In short, the right to intervene militarily could be asserted in any situation where a legal right had been violated and all peaceful channels had been explored and exhausted. The Article begins by describing war manifestos. It then explores their history and evolution over the course of five centuries, explains the purposes they served for sovereigns, shows the many “just causes” they cited for war, and, finally, considers the lessons they hold for modern legal dilemmas. The discovery of war manifestos as a set of legal documents offers lawyers and legal scholars something rare: a new window into the international legal universe of the past. That is not only valuable in itself, but it also casts entirely new light on several long-standing legal debates.

More information on SSRN.

ARTICLE: Edward CAVANAGH, Charters in the Longue Durée: The Mobility and Applicability of Donative Documents in Europe and America from Edward I to Chief Justice John Marshall, Comparative Legal History (forthcoming)

(Image source: Blogger)

Edward Cavanagh posted “Charters in the Longue Durée: The Mobility and Applicability of Donative Documents in Europe and America from Edward I to Chief Justice John Marshall” on SSRN. This article is forthcoming in Comparative Legal History, the journal of this society, published by Taylor&Francis.

Abstract:
 Colonial charters prompted new ways of thinking about constitutionalism, jurisdiction, and imperialism. Explaining this requires engagement with a series of micro-incidents across several hundred years of legal history. The evolution of written legalism is hereby explored from the European High Middle Ages to the early American Republican period. The article begins from the basic and uncontroversial premise that charters were valid only within the realm of a prince or overlord endorsing its issuance in the first place. If charters, like sundry other documents designed to advertise the donation or transferral of some privilege, were specific to particular jurisdictions and subjects in medieval legal history, what changed during the ‘age of discovery’? This article does not pretend to offer the definitive word on colonial charters, but rather exemplifies the kind of insights that are revealed by zooming out to appreciate legal and political change across the longue durée.
Source: Legal History Blog.

CALL FOR PAPERS: Arguing for the Rule of Law: Using the Hebrew Bible and Caricatures of Foreigners in British and Spanish America (Chicago, 26 Oct 2018); DEADLINE 8 Nov 2017

(Image source: Newberry library)

Call for Papers: Arguing for the Rule of Law: Using the Hebrew Bible and Caricatures of Foreigners in British and Spanish America
Date: Friday, October 26, 2018
Location: Newberry Library, Chicago
Deadline for Applications: November 8, 2017

This is a call for papers in anticipation of a one-day conference to be organized by Jorge Cañizares-Esguerra (University of Texas) and Richard Ross (University of Illinois)through the Symposium on Comparative Early Modern Legal History [https://law.illinois.edu/faculty-research/specialty-programs/legal-history/].  The conference, to be held at the Newberry Library in Chicago on Friday, October 26, 2018, is entitled, “Arguing for the Rule of Law: Using the Hebrew Bible and Caricatures of Foreigners in British and Spanish America.”  It will address the following topic: How did settlers, imperial officials, indigenous peoples, and Africans in the New World seek to demonstrate, or disprove, that a polity respected the rule of law?  (The phrase “rule of law” is modern; but the core of the idea is not).  Colonial rule invited accusations of arbitrary government and systematic lawlessness.  This conference will focus on two common techniques used to assess whether a polity respected the supremacy of law.  First, controversialists asked whether governance accorded with God’s expectations of justice as laid out in Scripture, particularly the Hebrew Bible.  Second, caricatures of other societies could be held up to make one’s own appear lawful and just, or the reverse.  British American settlers applauded the civility of their law by reference to the presumed barbarism of the Irish and Amerindians.  They saw liberty in their exploitive legal order by opposing it to the supposed absolutism of the Spanish and French empires.  Spanish settlers justified their rule and derecho by contrasting them to the law of indigenous polities and of their New World rivals.  The conference will bring together historians, law professors, and social scientists to think about the complex debates about the rule of law in the English and Iberian Atlantic.   

Interested presenters should submit an abstract of between 200 and 500 words and a c.v. by November 8, 2017.  Please send submissions and inquiries to Richard Ross [rjross@illinois.edu]; 217-244-7890.  No previously published work will be acceptedApplicants will be notified by email shortly after the submission deadline.  Accepted participants will be required to submit a full paper of no more than 10,000 words by the end of September 2018. Papers will be pre-circulated and read by all participants.  The conference will pay for travel and hotel expenses.  



05 October 2017

WORKSHOP: Neo-Thomism in Action. Law and Society Reshaped by Neo-Scholastic Philosophy, 1880-1960 (Leuven: KULeuven, 8-10 Oct 2017)

(image source: Meeting Leuven)

The KULeuven and the KADOC (Documentation and Research Centre for Religion, Culture and Society) organise an international workshop in the Irish College on Neo-Thomism in Action. Law and Society reshaped by neo-scholastic Philosophy, 1880-1960.

Programme:

Sunday 8 October
19 h. Guided visit to the Institute of Philosophy, the Leo XIII seminar and the Sacred Hart House, by Jan De Maeyer (KU Leuven). Welcome adress by Bart Raymaekers, vice-rector of KU Leuven.

Monday 9 October

MORNING SESSION (9.30-13 h)
Chair: Emmanuel Gerard (KU Leuven)

Key-notes Emiel Lamberts (KU Leuven) Religious, Political and Social Settings of the Revival of Thomism (1870-1960).

James Chappel (Duke University) Contraception, Usury, and the Formation of Modern Catholic Ethics, 1880-1940.

Papers
Cajetan Cuddy, O.P. (Université de Fribourg) A Neo-Scholastic Scientific Revolution.

Jo Deferme (KU Leuven) The influence of Neo-Thomism on Catholic Social-Policy Making in Belgium, 1880-1914.

AFTERNOON SESSION (14-17 h)
Chair: Andrea Robiglio (Institute of Philosophy KU Leuven)
Keynote Rajesh Heynickx (KU Leuven) Into Neo-Thomism. Reading the Fabric of an intellectual Movement.

Papers
Cinzia Sulas (La Sapienza, Roma)
Luigi Taparelli d’Azeglio's Thomism: semantic History of a Graft.

Erik Sengers (Bonifatiusinstitute, Diocese HaarlemAmsterdam) Joannes Aengenent: the Appeal of a thomistic Sociologist for a more humane Economy.

Jean-Pierre Delville (Diocese of Liege)
Antoine Pottier and the neo-thomist Roots of Christian-democracy.

Conference dinner (20-22 h.)

Tuesday 10 October
MORNING SESSION (9.30-13 h)
Chair: James Chappel (Duke University)

Keynote
Piotr H. Kosicki (University of Maryland) Between Lublin and Leuven: Transnational Neo-Thomism and Europe’s Twentieth-Century Personalist 'Revolution'.

Papers
Kasper Swerts (University of Edinburgh) A forgotten Connection. The Influence of the Catholic University of Leuven and Neo-Thomism on interwar Quebec Nationalism.

Jakub Štofaník (Masaryk Institute, Czech Academy of Sciences) Reception and Adaptation of Neo-Thomism in East-central Europe, between the intellectual and social Involvement of the Catholic Church.

AFTERNOON SESSION (14-18 h)
Chair: Cécile Vanderpelen (CIERL-ULB)

Faustino Martinez Martinez (Universidad Complutense de Madrid) Moderate, Conservative, Neo-Scholastic. Bravo Murillo’s Reformal Projects on the Spanish Constitution: Goals and Influences.

Milinda Banerjee (Presidency University Kolkata / LMU Munich) Thomas Aquinas, Neo-Thomism, and the TransnationallyEntangled Emergence of the Indian Judiciary as a PoliticoTheological Institution, 1973-2015

Adolfo Giuliani (Roma III / University of Helsinki) What a Legal Historian can learn from the Neo-Thomist Revival of John Poinsot’s Tractatus de Signis (1632-4).

Closing discussion (17-18 h.)
Panel of the keynote speakers chaired by Wim Decock (KU Leuven)

(source: Prof. dr. W. Decock (KUL/ULg))

CALL FOR PAPERS: Joseph-Marie Portalis (1778-1858): diplomate, magistrat et législateur (Université d'Auvergne/VUB), Paris, 13-14 Dec 2018 (DEADLINE 15 Dec 2017)

(image source: Wikimedia Commons)

Prof. dr. Nicolas Laurent-Bonne (Université d'Auvergne) and dr. Raphael Cahen (VUB-CORE/Marie Curie-Pegasus Fellow) co-organise a colloquium on Joseph-Marie Portalis (1778-1858): diplomate, magistrat et législateur.

The event will take place in Paris (13-14 Dec 2018).

Proposals should be sent by 15 December 2017.

All practical details and an argumentarium concerning the colloquium here.

04 October 2017

LECTURE SERIES: "Conférences de droit Romain - Cycle 2017-2018" (Paris, December 4, 2017; January 23, 2018; March 13, 2018; March 27, 2018)


                                    (Source: Université Paris Descartes)

The Université Paris Descartes announced the programme for its lecture series on Roman law during the academic year 2017-2018

Where:

Paris, Université Paris Descartes, Law faculty, Salle des Actes, 10, Avenue Pierre Larousse, Paris

Programme: 

December 4, 2017 - M. Pierangelo BUONGIORNO, Professeur à l'Université de Münster, Le phénomène associatif à l'époque des Antonins. Quelques remarques sur AE 2010, 242
January 23, 2018 - M. Alberto DALLA ROSA, Maître de conférences à l'Université Bordeaux Montaigne, L'empereur, acheteur de terres sur le libre marché ? Problèmes juridiques, politiques et sociaux
March 13, 2018 - Mme Fara NASTI, Professeur à l'Université de Cassino, L'Enchiridion de Pomponius. Nouvelles perspectives
March 27, 2018  - Mme Lauretta MAGANZANI, Professeur à l'Université Cattolica del Sacro Cuore de Milan, Auguste et les cadastres d'Italie

More information about this event can be found on the website of the Institut d'Histoire du Droit of the Université Paris Descartes


03 October 2017

JOURNAL: Comparative Legal History V (2017), No. 1: Maritime Conflict Management, Diplomacy and International Law, 1100–1800

(image source: Blogger)

The first issue of the fifth volume of Comparative Legal History has just been published.

Articles:
Editorial (Heikki Pihlajamäkki & Aniceto Masferrer Domingo)

Introduction: maritime conflict management, diplomacy and international law, 1100–1800 (Louis Sicking) (2-15)

Between royal orbits: jurisdiction in the Northern British Isles ca 1100–1360 (Ian Peter Grohse) (16-35)

Piracy and reprisal in Byzantine waters: resolving a maritime conflict between Byzantines and Genoese at the end of the twelfth century (Daphne Penna) (36-52)

Reprisal and diplomacy: conflict resolution within the context of Anglo–Dutch commercial relations c1300–c1415 (Juriaan Wink & Louis Sicking) (53-71)

 Merchants ambushed in foreign lands in the Late Middle Ages: the case of seafarers from Cuatro Villas in the North of Castile, Spaina (Javier Añíbarro-Rodríguez) (72-87)

Commercial litigation across religious borders: rendering justice for Valencian merchants in fifteenth-century North Africa and Granada (Victor Olcina Pita) (88-106)

On governance structures and maritime conflict resolution in early modern Amsterdam: the case of the Chamber of Insurance and Average (sixteenth to eighteenth centuries) (Sabine CJP Go) (107-124)

Victims of maritime conflict, compensation claims and the role of the admiralty court in the early modern period (Shavana Musa) (125-141)

Prize law, international diplomacy and the treatment of foreign prizes in the seventeenth century: a case study (Hielke Van Nieuwenhuize) (142-161)

International treaties versus ‘bonne prise’: the case of the Dutch merchant ship De Vriendschap in the Mediterranean in 1745 (Thierry Allain) (162-176)

Book Reviews:
The law’s many bodies: studies in legal hybridity and jurisdictional complexity, c1600–1900 (Jan Hallebeek) (177)

Law and authority in British legal history, 1200–1900 (Kristin Boosfeld) (178-182)

Papacy, monarchy and marriage, 860–1600 (Frederik Pedersen) (182-184)

The beginnings of Islamic law: late antique Islamicate legal traditions (Assaf Likhovski) (184-188)

El jurista en el Nuevo Mundo: Pensamiento. Doctrina. Mentalidad  (Viviana Kluger) (188-191)

More information with Taylor&Francis.

CALL FOR PAPERS: Young Scholars Conference: 'Historical Capitalism and International Law' (Paris, Sciences Po Law School, 18-19 Jan 2018); DEADLINE 15 OCT 2017

(image source: Sciences Po)

« HISTORICAL CAPITALISM AND INTERNATIONAL LAW »
CALL FOR CONTRIBUTIONS TO YOUNG SCHOLARS’ CONFERENCE
Sciences Po Law School, Paris, 18 and 19 January 2018

From the refugee crisis to climate change, from international terrorism to the ascent of extreme right governments, from increasing inequalities to new identity-based conflicts: the promises of liberal economic globalisation seem to be under attack all over. As a result, reflections on the relations between economy and society are increasingly present in the public debate, notably from the perspective of a more radical critique of the very basis of the capitalist system. This renewed interest is echoed for example in (yet another) return to Karl Marx’s writings, particularly in the German, French and Anglo-American press, in response to the now famous critiques of economic inequalities in liberal-democratic and market-driven societies, such as those raised by Thomas Piketty.
In the academic debate, although an increasing number of international lawyers have recently made historical interventions in their discipline in search of new possible futures, from a legal perspective in-depth analyses of the origins and functioning of the capitalist system remain limited. On the contrary, many historians have been focusing on the subject of capitalism and have developed analytical tools to critically analyse it, without however giving full importance to the constitutive role of law in the functioning of the capitalist system. 
The young scholars’ conference which will take place on 18 and 19 of January 2018 at Sciences Po Law School, Paris, as part of CIERA’s programme colloques juniors will explore the topic “Historical Capitalism and International Law” and try to fill some of these gaps. We borrow the notion of historical capitalism from Immanuel Wallerstein (Le Capitalisme historique, La Découverte, 2011) who points towards an analysis of the capitalist system as a specific historical process based on the principle of the continuous accumulation of capital. Originally historical, this definition underlines the particularities of capitalism as a social construction embedding several economic, social, political and cultural dimensions, all of which can be further articulated through analysing the legal dimension. Hence, this kind of analysis allows the elaboration of interdisciplinary perspectives, which depart from the material reality of capitalism to analyse its origins, functioning, current challenges and the prospect of its potential future developments. This conference will focus on the nature and evolution of economic and social institutions, their role in the exchanges and movement of peoples, ideas and commodities, as well as the way through which encounters, confrontations and interactions have shaped them in turn.

An interest in this particular dialogue lies principally in the perception of law as a social product which enjoys a relative autonomy in relation to other economic, social and cultural disciplines. Since law itself produces its own concrete realities and at the same time is an instrument around which various social actors struggle, it should not be analysed in complete isolation from other social processes. The interplay of voices coming from different disciplines is therefore central to grasping the specificity of law in the production of historical capitalism; particularly if one wants to avoid falling into analytical traps, such as the tendency to reduce law to a superstructure or on the other hand the reduction of histories and analysis of law to elements separated from the functioning of society. The conference will hence gather lawyers and historians, as well as social science scholars, appealing to the diverse and complementary approaches of each discipline in order to understand the forms of organisation which capitalism has taken in different times, in different places and at different scales. Each session will involve discussions between lawyers and historians working on related topics.
Contributions to the conference should explore one of the three following subject areas: 1) international law and the histories of capitalist expansion; 2) the history of international law and political conflicts in capitalism; 3) histories of international law and narratives of capitalist modernity. The publication of a special issue of the Journal of History of International Law is also being considered and would incorporate certain contributions from the conference.

Abstracts from 300 to 500 words shall be submitted indicating the subject area of the proposed contribution, along with a CV by 15 October 2017 to capitalismehistorique.di@gmail.com. Successful applicants will be notified by 5 November 2017 at the latest. English will be the main working language during the conference.
We encourage applications from the members of the HeiParisMax network, of the Collège doctoral franco-allemand en droit public comparé européen and of scholars affiliated to history centres connected to CIERA. There will be an equal number of contributions from both men and women, participants from French and German institutions, and those proposing historical or legal approaches. Applications from other areas of the world are also accepted and encouraged. A portion of the travel and accommodation expenses of selected participants will be covered by the conference.

Scientific Committee:
Lisa Herzog (Institut für Sozialforschung der Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universitat)
Claire Lemercier (Centre de Sociologie des Organisations de Sciences Po)
Anne Peters (Max-Planck-Institut für ausländisches öffentliches Recht und Völkerrecht)
Emmanuelle Tourme-Jouannet (Ecole de droit de Sciences Po)

Organisational Committee:
Filipe Antunes Madeira da Silva (Ecole de droit de Sciences Po)
Robin Caballero (Humboldt Universität zu Berlin/ Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne)
Alberto Rinaldi (Ecole de droit de Sciences Po)
Milan Tahraoui (Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne/ Max Planck Institut für ausländisches Recht und Völkerrecht)
Leonie Johanna Vierck (Max-Planck-Institut für ausländisches öffentliches Recht und Völkerrecht)


With the Support of:
Centre interdisciplinaire d’études et de recherches sur l’Allemagne (CIERA)
Collège doctoral franco-allemand en droit public comparé européen
Ecole doctorale de Sciences Po
Ecole de droit de Sciences Po
Max-Planck-Institut für ausländisches öffentliches Recht und Völkerrecht
HeiParisMax – Partenariat académique franco-allemand

CONFERENCE: A legal history conference: Russian Revolution in the Nordic perspective (7 Nov 2017, Oslo, Oslo University)

This conference aims at discussing the history, legal implications, and legacy of the 1917 Russian Revolution.
Illustration: Reidar Aulie: Tendens (copyright BONO).
In February and October 1917 Revolutions took place in Russia, bringing about dramatic changes in the society and the legal system. Did the Russian Revolution(s) have any impact on the Nordic countries? What legal transformations did the Revolution(s) bring about for Russia and for the Nordic countries?
Without understanding the legal and political transformations which occurred in Russia 100 years ago, we may not fully understand the legal system of Russian law in the later Soviet and post-Soviet period, and the implications for the Nordic countries.
This conference will be of interest not only for legal historians. We invite legal scholars, practitioners, students and everyone interested in history of Russia and the Nordic states, international and comparative law and Russian law.

PROGRAM

9:00-9:15 Coffee
9:15-9:30 Welcome: Professor Dag Michalsen, Dean of the Law Faculty / Professor Alla Pozdnakova
9:30 Professor William E. Butler (Penn State University): Key note speech

Chair: Professor Marit Halvorsen
10:00 History of 1917 Russian Revolution(s): Professor Emeritus Åsmund Egge (UiO)
10:25 Young Marx and why Revolutionists did not like him: Professor Christoffer Conrad Eriksen (UiO)
11:50 Coffee break
11:15 Comparative Law in Russia: Historical traces of influence: Irina Fodchenko, PhD candidate (UiO)
11:15 Revolutionary Law in Russia: Continuity and change: Dr. Tatiana Borisova (HSE St. Petersburg)
11:30 Questions and discussion
          12:15-13:00 Lunch break

Chair: Professor Gentian Zyberi
          13:00 Fisheries in Finnmark – relationship with Russia in legal history perspective: Professor Emeritus Kirsti Strøm Bull (UiO)
13:20 Right to state and other property  after the revolution and/or recognition of new government in Russia, contra Russian recognition of the Norwegian government in 1905: Professor Ola Mestad (UiO)
13:40 Real property law in pre- and post-soviet Russia: Has the Revolution altered Russia's legal regime? Professor Tina Hunter (University of Aberdeen)
14:00 How Russia became a market economy - or did it? Professor Kaj Hobér (University of Uppsala; Stockholm Chamber of Commerce)
14:30 Questions and discussion
14:50 Commentary/ Professor William E. Butler
15:00 - 15:15 Coffee break

Chair: Professor Alla Pozdnakova
15:15 The Martens Clause and Its Importance for the Development of International Humanitarian Law, Professor Gentian Zyberi (NCHR)
15:35 The Soviet Union and the negotiation of the UN Charter and universal human rights, 1941-1948: Professor Emeritus Åsbjørn Eide
15:50 Turbulent times: Finnish independence and civil war in a comparative context: Professor Jukka Kekkonen (University of Helsinki)
16:20 "Latvian Socialist Soviet Republic or so called "Stuchka’s Republic" (December 1918 – January 1920) as a Latvian statehood alternative and social experiment": Dr.iur. Elīna Grigore-Bāra (University of Latvia)
16:40 Commentary / Professor William E. Butler
17:00 Questions and round-up